Industry 4.0 and Digital Factories: last Monday 25th September, Alessandria had the honour to guest Massimo Temporelli, The FabLab creator, arrived to the town for a meeting at Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio.
The meeting was very interesting and there were really many themes touched. Unfortunately, when people talk about these subjects, the audience – above all among the young people – is never too high!
They are still considered themes and subjects for the experts. It has not been understood, yet, that the revolution on the way concerns everything and everyone, all towns and all palces, not only the Silicon Valley, and no one can stay out of it.
Massimo Temporelli explained how the industrial revolutions are a transformation of the processes. The technological change is not stuff of today and it has not been discovered by us now. We are talking about human being and human things, not stuff for engineers and experts.
Politics, banks, economy…have to create the conditions so that revolutions can occur.
Inventions don’t make revolutions. Think about the past: Watt invents the steam engine and everything transforms?
No! it’s not like that! There are some human contexts where revolutions occur because there’s a society ready to acknowledge the change.
Don’t expect that one person invents something and the revolution occurs. Go and see where are the environments ready for the revolution. Analyzing these aspects we immediately understand that it’s not only an industrial theme, but it changes the whole society. It changes the whole relationship with the market and the goods, for example: from the project as far as the realization, the stock, the purchase, the consumer…
There’s a heavy transformation of the existence and the human daily routine. This means industrial revolution.
It’s not a technical matter, but it concerns humanity and it will change our way to exist. We don’t change: from a biological point of view, we as human beings are absolutely alike the 1700s ones. Changes occur through technology.
Technology and human aspect, meant as “human being” are the engines of change. Change that today is quicker. Massimo explained that while he was driving, a vocal synthesizer was reading to him the PDF of Annalisa Magone’s book which was presented during the meeting. Everything is quicker.
We don’t have to think about Industry 4.0 as a negative thing: it has so many ethic and environmental beautiful aspects. More than we think, right for this it has to become a junction in our professional choices.
Industry 4.0 has different definitions if we ask engineers or economists that.
Annalisa talked about the sharing of very expensive machines, like evolved 3D printers which are able to print really many different metals and alloys. The amount cannot help be shared, here it is one among the great transformations of the working processes. We don’t share machines for a nostalgic return to communism, but because it’s better to share the machines!
The factory object of this revolution mustn’t produce the good until it is ordered. So it won’t have stock expenses and returns and maximum it will allow the customization arriving to allow the customer to co-planning with me the final product.
This will have to do the Industrial Craftsmen. And Italy – which is a paragon as regards this aspect – will be able to evolve and ride the wave right through which historically are its strength points.
Then so the reasoning moved to the fact that it isn’t enough to change tools and use the new machines. Machines have a certain amount ad endless unexpressed potentialities. Here the eternal dilemma of the machines and robots stealing job reverses. Here it will need the man to pull out worth. They are complicated machines which need creativity, study, design and insight. It won’t be enough to pass from the file to the 3D printer!
The whole business model has to be revised and it’s difficult to build: make the machines working is complicated. It won’t be enough a boy or a worker. The side theme of the continuous learning for the Future Jobs comes back. But today how much is difficult to find an engineer who wants to adjust the machine level? These are the new problems confirming the fact that it isn’t enough to change tools.
In this new dimension the professional experience isn’t required, because it’s a such new technology that new professional figures formed and prepared that companies snatch each other don’t exist.
That’s why in these new realities they prefer staff who doesn’t know the specified applied technology, so they don’t have the junk of a background which can be limiting.
And here school comes up again and once again the world I live every day is touched by it. How can we try to find a bit of balance between school and the world jobs?
Education isn’t a matter of “training” anymore. It has to be there the development of creativity and of the free thinking as a drawing engine.
How can we make our schools like that? How can we make our daily realities receptive?
Here, too, Massimo Temporelli’s answer was lapidary and for some ways alike that one Pietro Guindani and Stefano Scabbio gave me at Human Age: talk, spread, infect. Also these events enrich from a cultural point of view. Even if there are few people, even if they are snubbed. The positive side is that people start talking about it.
It’s the only way to understand and make people understand that nobody can pull oneself out from the industrial revolution.
Who tried is missed from history. All of us are called up and we are all connected each other.
Commenting a slide about the Digital Factories, Mr. Temporelli stated that revolution isn’t a points list, but it’s a connected complicated ecosystem. Not complicated but complex, because innovation is an open-minded matter.
Today we have a reality made of less project and too much maker without planning. To turn it into business we need to work together with the companies for planning and design before the maker and the doing.
For many reasons – economical and cultural – today companies don’t do research and development. The FabLab can become places where this is done by synergy. Not to build the previous same things through different techniques – it is what happens a bit today – but to build different things through different techniques.
The FabLab are very developed places in Italy because they have to do with the nature itself and the inclinations of our country.
Today the revolution occurs contemporarily in all countries, not like the first revolution which arrived here one hundred years after.
Only if our country will be able to catch this opportunity of Digital Factories and transform, it won’t be an outside call centre, but it will be the heart of change!
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